Sodium is preferred over potassium in industrial applications
Centerjava.com – Industrial salt is salt that is used as raw material and auxiliary material for other industries. Industrial salt is used for the needs of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, textiles, and so on, we know that there are popular types of salts, namely Sodium and potassium.
But why is Sodium is preferred over potassium in industrial applications? What causes Sodium is preferred over potassium in industrial applications? Is it because of the price? Because of quality? Or because of another reason, let’s look at the article below.
Sodium is preferred over potassium in industrial applications because?
Sodium is preferred over potassium in industrial applications because sodium is produced more economically.
The reason sodium is produced more economically
As we know that Sodium and Potassium have similarities, Sodium, and Potassium in 1 Periodic Table, but there are considerations why Sodium is preferred over potassium in industrial applications because Sodium is cheaper compared to potassium.
Factor why sodium is produced more economically:
- Seawater contains more sodium than potassium
- Sodium is widely available because industries need a continuous supply of sodium
- The process of making sodium is easier and cheaper
- Sodium is more abundant on earth than potassium
- In addition to seawater, sodium-making materials can be available at various sources
- Easy and many ways to produced sodium
Industrial salt has a minimum NaCl of 97%. Salt for the food industry, levels of Ca and Mg <600 ppm, for the price of industrial salt, is quite cheap compared to potassium and moreover sodium is able to guarantee supply continuously. Sodium also meets the quality requirements of various food industries, the petrochemical industry, and others.
Sodium can be produced from various sources including sea water, salty lake water, soil deposits, salt mines, groundwater sources, natural salt solutions, etc.
There are several ways that are done to produce Sodium. The Sodium production process depends on the raw materials used, including:
- Solar evaporation,
- Multiple effect evaporation
- Open pan
- Making Sodium from salt rock
In addition to obtaining better Sodium quality with high NaCl content, there are several ways that can be done, among others, by multilevel crystallization and by binding to impurities on Sodium by adding chemicals.
The process of sodium production also produces waste which is in the form of bittern water which is the water left over from the process of crystallization of Sodium. This bittern water can be used for various purposes such as multi-nutrient fertilizers, heart rescuers, etc.
So, how about Potassium
Potassium Chloride has a formula namely KCl. Potassium Chloride is an alkaline earth salt compound formed from elements of Potassium and Chlorine. Potassium chloride is generally white crystals. This compound is very easy to dissolve in water.
Potassium chloride is extracted from
Chemical engineering is carried out through crystallization of the dissolution, flotation, or electrostatic separation of the above mentioned minerals. KCl is also a by-product of making nitric acid through the reaction of potassium nitrate and hydrochloric acid.